The Growth and Development of the Automobile Industry – A Deeper Insight

The word "Automobile" has its origins in Greek and Latin and it has become an integral part of every man's life. It has become so indispensable that on an average, a person spends at least 3 hours in his vehicle every day. Automobile was once thought of as a luxury and only a select few could indulge in. Now, the times have changed and automobiles have become a means of transportation catering to the vast majority.

The transformation from luxury to inevitability

Automobiles, in general, refer to the humble car and the estimates suggest that there is a car for every eleven persons on earth amounting up to 590 million passenger cars. There are various variants of automobiles that cater to every cross section of the population. There are variants that could set you back by a couple of million dollars and other models that cost you a few thousand dollars.

The technological advances in the automobile sector have been tremendous in the last 100 years. The century's greatest invention or advancement should definitely belong to the automobile industry. One of the earliest pioneers of the automobile industry was ransom olds from the oldsmobile factory. In the early 1900's, he introduced the Production Line concept, thus churning out vehicles every few minutes. This idea was greatly revolutionized and implemented by Henry Ford, who elevated automobile industry to the next level. Ford quickly grew in the first half of the 20th century and slowly but steadily spread globally.

Growing along with time

With advancement of age, the automobile industry gradually grew in continental Europe and England. Japan introduced quality initiatives that further enhanced the industry. Toyoto from Japan were the pioneers of Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which have been the guiding principles of the automobile industry for the last 50 years. Today, Toyoto are the world's largest automobile company according to recent market estimates.

The global boom of the 1980's was largely because of the automobile revolution. Ford, General Motors and Chrysler, the big 3 automotive giants of America, had a huge say on the country's economy. They decided the health of the economy and the recent global economic recession has affected them badly. This has made them approach the government for loans and benefits, which have been fulfilled by the government after placing appropriate clauses.

Advent of technology and innovations

Automobile has transcended from being a medium of transportation to a medium of entertainment after the advent of super fast cars competing against each other. NASCAR and F1 races are huge crowd pullers every year. People have made fortunes and drivers of these machines have made their name in history. The fact that automobile racing involves huge costs has made the racing industry reel in these uncertain economic times. The sport has seen tragedies with loss of life in some instances. This has made room for strict safety regulations, which are now mandatory for all the automobile shows.

The negative part

Although man has made a huge leap forward with automobiles, there is a downside to this technological wonder. The emissions from these machines have raised serious environmental concerns with calls for more eco-friendly vehicles. Automobile companies have invested hugely in research and development of eco-friendly vehicles. Except for this single downside, there is slightest of doubts to say that automobiles have been the find of the previous century.

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Trains, Planes Or Automobiles

With the population of the world growing at a steady pace, the governments of various countries are doing their best to provide their people with easy modes of transportation. Today, one can travel across the world easily and at relatively inexpensive rates. All three modes of travelling, including trains, airplanes and automobiles each have their own importance.

Automobiles are best for cities and towns. A journey of ten or twenty miles is an everyday affair for most people and in order to save money, people travel by buses or their own vehicles. A major part of the population travel by bus in many countries. Bus fares are cheap and a large number of buses operate in heavily traveled areas. It is usually easy to find a bus traveling to and from your part of town and a large number of people travel by bus when going to work and even school.

Cars give you the flexibility to manage things according to you. You are not dependent on the timing of the public transport and if you have a job that requires you to make a lot of adjustment in your daily schedule then a private vehicle is perhaps the best choice for you.

In order to travel larger distances, many people use trains. Trains are perhaps the most common mode of travelling for people who have to cover a fair bit of distance to get to their workplaces or offices. Similarly, trains are very useful if you wish to travel from one city to another. The rates are affordable and trains offer a comfortable journey.

In order to travel within the country, one can also get an airplane ticket but the prices are always more expensive than that of other modes of travel. However, with the present economic conditions, the prices of some airfares have been slashed to an affordable amount and some flights are available at cheap rates. Flights are the best option in case of emergencies as well. Flights connecting different cities reach their destination in a few hours. You might have to travel for a day in a train to get to the same destination but flights get you to the destination in just a few hours.

If you are looking to travel to another country, then in most cases you have no other option but to travel by air. One can also travel by a ship, but fares for a cruise are often expensive and the services are restricted to only a few ports around the world. The bottom line is that the mode of transportation that you should choose depends on the distance you have to travel.

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The LED Application In The Automobiles

With the influence of the economic crisis, the price of the LED products is decreasing, especially in the fourth quarter of 2008. But it can not stop its market demand. Both the LED lights and the backlight products are trying to occupy the market share. The high luminance LED will become the main characteristic of the future automobiles, which is due to the outstanding advantages of the LED. What is more, using the LED illumination can alternate the design of the automobiles. Because of its advantages, the LED is widely applied to construct a comfortable environment in the car, such as the indicator, navigation light and the treadle illuminative light. And the flat-panel display will increase the application of LED further.

Recently, the LED automotive lights are promising in the electric industry. The LED automotive light is energy saving and with high-luminance, which is becoming the advantages to occupy the market. The high-luminance of the LED enables it to adapt more crucial environment. The light can secure the safety of the car at night. LED light can be used to replace the halogen light, which is more effective and colorful. The beautiful appearance attracts so many young customers.

The LED has offered a great business opportunity with its unique advantages, attracting so many manufacturers to take the backlight market, especially the flat-panel display and the liquid crystal display market. Changing the CCFL backlight into the LED backlight will be a new emerging market. Experts point out that the development LED backlight is very promising. The performance of the LED chip is increasing and the cost is reducing, so the LED will become the mainly backlight technology of the liquid crystal display. What is more, the Car electronic products are also promising, such as the car navigation system and radar. If the LED backlight technology can be used in these systems, these systems will be more competitive. The related integrated circuit is MID400.

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Save Money on Automobiles

Okay folks, one thing we all face sometime is the need to replace that old junker in the driveway. You know what I’m talking about, that car that you leave at home because you don’t want to pay your bus fair and a tow bill! The problem is with the economic crisis who can afford a car? You could spend hours wandering around used car lots and talking to people who act like they are your best friend only to end up paying too much and thinking you got a good deal. You could scour the classifieds for that perfect car, but who wants to spend half the day on the phone and the other half looking at other peoples cars? The secret to saving money is to think like a business!

Dealerships utilize many ways to stock their inventory, one of the best is used car auctions. Car auctions are a well guarded industry secret that they don’t want you to know about.Well, the secret is out all you need is a guide to locate these fabulous money saving auctions. These auctions carry a wide selection of vehicles including cars, trucks, and SUVs. The inventory can come from a variety of places including bank repossessions, government seizures, and dealer overstocks. The best part is the savings, some of these cars are hundreds maybe thousands of dollars under value! You might save enough to buy two cars, or perhaps you’ll find that sports car at a price you can afford. You deserve to have a car that you like at a price you can afford and this might be the best way to accomplish both. Go ahead and see what values can be found through the power of auto auctions!

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Automobiles – Find Out the Famous Brands

A lot of car brands exist worldwide that provide the best transportation services. For instance, Toyota is one of the leading dealers in New York. Toyota dealers have a full line of dependable vehicles. An automobile is a motor vehicle, the aim of which is to transport passengers from one place to another. They are run on roads, and at maximum, have seats for around eight people. At the moment, there are around 600 million cars worldwide. It is one of the major forms of transportation, and possesses the latest forms of technology in its design.

A lot of automobile companies exist. The following are some of the most popular European automobile brands:

Rolls-Royce

Rolls-Royce is a British manufacturer, which specializes in luxury cars. It is one of the leading car companies in the production of luxury cars and manufactures high quality cars. Its quality and popularity can be figured out from the fact that its first production, Silver Ghost, produced in 1907, is still used in charity drives and special events. Their sale has, however; now increased in the Middle East by 98%, as more people opt for this luxury car.

BMW

BMW, Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, is the child company of Rolls-Royce motor cars, and a German automobile car brand. It is best known for its performance and luxury vehicles. BMW follows a certain nomenclature: it consists of a 3 digit number, followed by one or two letters. The first number represents the series number, while the next two represent engine displacement. BMW has a history of success in Formula One as well. It has won 20 races, the recent one being by the Sauber F1 team.

BMW employers famous and experienced designers for their cars, and as a result, they have gained worldwide recognition for their exceptional designs and their contribution in art, which goes beyond motor vehicle design. Even their headquarters in Munich, Germany, has become an icon.

• Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes-Benz is one of the most well-known and established automobile brands in the world. Mercedes is said to be the first car on the road with brakes on all four wheels and the first to introduce pre-tensioners to seat belts. This is very helpful, in case of a crash, because a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously and remove any slack in the belt. Recently, it also pioneered a system called Pre-Safe to detect an imminent crash nearby and prepare the car's safety system accordingly. It calculates the braking force required to avoid an accident, and lets the driver avail alter the speed.

• Aston Martin

Aston Martin is a British manufacturer, known for luxurious sports cars. It was founded in 1913 and produced its first car in 1915. Each car of Aston Martin reflects a unique characteristic which is a result of craftsmanship and latest technology. The designers balance the beauty and performance, giving it superb high-speed stability. Few models of Aston Martin, like Aston Martin DB9, have a very sporty look and are able to deliver a maximum speed of 306 km / h. They include features like airbags, parking sensors, fog lamps, headlamps, etc.

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Chery Automobiles: China’s Auto War Begins

China is laying plans at this very moment to begin shipment of passenger vehicles to the North American market by mid 2007. Chinese automobile manufacturer, Chery, yes read that again… the company sounds strangely like Chevy, is looking at bringing not just one, but a whole fleet of low cost production vehicles to our shores. Proposed prices will astound you and could potentially bring the U.S. auto market to its knees. Don’t think for even one moment that Japanese and Korean automakers will be immune from this flood of low cost cars. Chery vehicles have been designed – some say stolen – from current Asian models and will compete directly against the likes of Toyota, Honda, Nissan, and Hyundai. China’s long awaited war with the US – at one time expected to begin with a Red Army attack on Taiwan — may be fought on an economic front instead.

Chery, a state-owned car producer formed in China’s eastern Anhui Province, is currently building a number of cars in China including the QQ – a compact car strangely similar to the Daewoo Spark [GM’ Korean division], as well as several sedans and a compact SUV. Indeed, recent charges made by Toyota, GM, and Honda have all alleged that Chery mimicked or outright stole designs from at least one of each automaker’s vehicles including the Honda CR-V. For the record, the Toyota case was rejected, Honda is still attempting to work out a solution with their case, and GM recently dropped its suit after the Chinese automaker agreed not to sell their cars in the US under the Chery name which GM has stated is too close to the Chevy name. Chinese courts have also ruled that the Daewoo Spark design was not registered in China, so GM dropped its suit.

At present, the Chery vehicle line up includes the tiny QQ; a compact SUV built jointly with Mitsubishi called the Tiggo; and three sedans: the Oriental Son, the Flagcloud, and the Windcloud. Recently, Chery unveiled a newly designed crossover vehicle along the lines of the Chrysler Pacifica. With an introductory MSRP of under $20,000 the Chery crossover will seat up to seven passengers and come equipped with both four and six cylinder engines. As you might guess the Chery crossover, if equipped similarly to the Pacifica, could be priced some ten thousand dollars less than the Chrysler model.

Current prices on the other models have not yet been set, but published reports this past summer indicated that a basic Chery could retail for as low as $6995 in the US, which would be some three thousand dollars less than the next lowest priced car, the Chevy Aveo [from GM’s Daewoo unit, naturally]. Of course, this particular pricing strategy has raised all sorts of alarms within the automobile industry, chiefly how to counter a flood of low cost cars invading the U.S. market. As some have pointed out, much like Hyundai’s introduction to the North America market during the 1980s, the Chinese cars are expected to initially have only a limited appeal primarily due to expected low quality levels. Still, it only took Hyundai less than one decade to begin to produce cars which consistently matched the quality levels of many American and Asian models. So, it could be just a matter of a few years before Chinese cars receive the positive press now given to many other Asian automakers, resulting in a sharp surge in sales.

While the Chery dealer network within the US has yet to be established, it is under development; a limited version of the dealer network is expected to be in place by Summer 2007 when the first Chinese vehicles arrive. A rapid expansion of this same network across the US and Canada has been planned over the ensuing years and although the Chery name will not be used in the US, you can expect that whatever name is selected these cars will impact the way many Americans buy their cars from that point forward. Oh, by the way, two other Chinese automakers — Shuanghuan Automobile Manufacturing, LTD and Geely Automotive — are also expected to export cars to the North American market soon after Chery makes its debut.

While it is too early to say, the opening of the lucrative North American automobile market to cheap Chinese vehicles could possibly shake the American economy in ways never anticipated. I, for one, shudder to think just how all of this might unfold.

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Exporting Automobiles From the United States

The procedure of exporting an automobile from the United States is not a complicated process; However, there are requirements that must be fulfilled for car export. In order to export cars from the United States to other countries, the exporter must be able to provide documentation that proves the ownership of the vehicle. In most cases, this will be the certificate of title of the vehicle. The exporter must present ownership documentation to the US Customs either by certified copy of the original ownership documents or the original documents themselves.

When exporting a vehicle through a land border port, the car exporter must provide the port with ownership documents at least three days in advance of the car export. On the day in which the vehicle is to be exported US Customs will require that you present the vehicle to them so that they will be able to verify that the vehicle is indeed the vehicle that is described in the ownership documents.

For car exporters exporting vehicles via ship or plane, it is necessary to present the ownership documents at least 72 hours before lading to US Customs. The vehicle will then be subject to Customs inspection.

Once US Customs has verified that the vehicle is the vehicle described in the ownership papers and inspected the vehicle it will then be authorized for car export.

While the process is not complicated, requirements must be followed carefully. And, for any car exporters that fail to follow the requirements and meet the compliance outlined by the US Customs a non-compliance penalty may be imposed. Non-compliance penalties ranges from $ 500 to $ 10,000 dollars.So it definitely worth following the rules.

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Protective Film For Cars and Automobiles

For those people who absolutely love their cars, protecting the paint becomes an obsession. Years ago, the promise of perpetually perfect paint was introduced with the invention of clear coat paint protection. Clear coat was definitely an improvement and offered great protection against sun damage and oxidation, but it fell far short when it came to physical protection from road debris and scratches.

To protect against road debris, a couple of inventions came about. One was referred to as a car bra. This was basically a polyurethane cover that fitted over a car's front end and protected the most vulnerable part of the vehicle from flying gravel and bugs. This helped, but there were two main problems. It did not protect the entire vehicle, and it was absolutely atrocious to look at. The other attempt was something called a bug shield. This was a small plastic piece that attached to the front of the vehicle and re-directed the air currents up and over the vehicle. Though somewhat effective in protecting the front end of the vehicle from flying debris and bugs, it did nothing to protect a stationary car from scratches. And, who would want one of those on their $ 70,000 corvette?

The next evolution in paint protection is commonly called paint protection film, though individual companies refer to it by various names. This is a thin, thermoplastic urethane material that adheres to the vehicle's paint and protects it from all types of minor damage. It can be applied to the entire vehicle, giving overall protection, unlike the other devices.

The paint protection film is applied in a similar fashion to window tinting film. Anyone who has attempted a do-it-yourself window tinting job understands how difficult the job can be. Though not impossible for amateurs to do, if one expects perfect results the job is best left to professionals.

These days it is easy to find professional paint protection film installers across the country. Nearly all automotive paint shops offer this service for a reasonable price and many offer package deals with the purchase of a new paint job.

There are a couple of important reasons why professionally installed clear paint protection film is the best option. First, the professionals have the proper facilities. Before installing the film, the car must be spotlessly cleaned and must stay that way until the film is applied. The pros have clean, dust-free bays where they can do the work. The average amateur's garage is somewhat less than a dust free environment. The second reason is the fitting of the film. Applying the film to curved surfaces offers a challenge requiring more than simple straight cuts. It takes time to perfect this technique and the average Joe will likely need several tries to get it right. It's best to save the time and let the pros handle it.

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Satellite TV For Automobiles

Entertainment service in automobiles is getting important new players. AT&T has revealed plans for a satellite TV service called Cruisecast. And MediaFlo, a subsidiary of Qualcomm, a wireless telecommunications company (San Diego, CA.), is introducing a competing system called FLO TV, that is based on cell phone technology from AudioVox. The U.S. switch to digital TV will free Rf spectrum for the delivery of advanced wireless services such as FLO TV.

Current players in the automotive TV market include Sirius XM’s Backseat TV (also an AudioVox partner), an optional service from Sirius XM which offers limited video programming featuring Nickelodeon, Disney Channel and Cartoon Network combined with the standard audio programming. However, the quality of the Backseat TV system has been a disappointment. At its best, the picture is poor, and sometimes it is worse than poor.

Sirius XM currently has more than 19 million subscribers, and its adoption rate also has outpaced that of the wireless and satellite television industries. But the rate of growth has slowed in recent years. Sirius XM gained about 10 percent more subscribers last year, compared to 27 percent growth in 2007 and 48 percent growth in 2006. Sirius XM is currently battling financial problems, holding more about $1 billion in debt ($559 million of the debt matures this year).

  • The business model for all of these services is to provide pay-for-service entertainment, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. In the United States, more than 90% of homes pay for television service, but less than 20% pay for entertainment in automobiles.
  • The AT&T Cruisecast system will cost about $1300 for the hardware, and $28 per month for the satellite subscription. The hardware requires installation of a small satellite antenna on the roof of the vehicle. At the price of the hardware, a security system should probably be included. The size of the antenna is approximately 10″ X 11″, and 4″ in height. The technology is sophisticated enough to buffer the signal for interruptions. If you temporarily lose the signal by going under a tree, overpass, or tunnel, for a period of up to 3 minutes, the service will not be interrupted. The picture is standard definition TV, not HDTV.

    AT&T is partnering in the effort with RaySat Incorporated (Dallas, TX). RaySat has previously offered a similar system called TracVision that worked with DirecTV. The hardware for this system was even more expensive, costing about $3000. The antenna was significantly larger, and the system did not include the buffering feature.

    Cruisecast system satellite technology is based on Ku band transmission, with a bandwidth of 500-600 kilobits per second. The antenna needs exposure to the southern sky to receive the signal. The antenna is receiving a signal from a satellite in geostationary orbit over the equator. There is an electronics module that interfaces between the antenna and the monitors. This module can go in the trunk, or under a seat. It is comparable to the set-top box for cable TV. A remote control included for changing channels on the electronics module via an Rf signal, so that line-of-sight is not needed.

    Don’t look for Howard Stern on the Cruisecast lineup. Instead AT&T will focus on family entertainment, including the Disney Channel, Discovery Kids, The Animal Planet, Nickelodeon, The Cartoon Network Mobile, and Comedy Central. In addition, news channels from MSNBC, CNN Mobile Live and CNBC are planned. “Our target audience is families with children,” said RaySat CEO Yoel Gat. The Cruisecast lineup includes 22 video and 20 audio channels.

    Car rental companies Budget and Avis plan to offer the Cruisecast service at some locations for about $10 per day.

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    Moscow’s Best Hospitals

    Moscow is the most heavily populated city in Europe as well as the world’s seventh largest city. As Russia’s capital, this mega city is considered the political center of the country. Additionally, Moscow is the culturally significant as well due to the numerous World Heritage Sites located within the city. As a result of these historical and cultural locations, it is a major tourist destination. Moscow houses some of the better hospitals in the county and many private health care facilities in the city also offer high quality medical service.

    European Medical Center situated at Spiridonievsky pereulok 5, bld.1, 123104, Moscow is a major world class hospital that provides excellent medical service. This modern hospital, founded in 1989 has received the international quality certificate ISO 9001:2008. The hospital is multidisciplinary and has four main business units and an 8,780 sq. mi. area. EMC has full fledged departments in all branches of medicine, a dental center, a clinical-diagnostic laboratory and a center for women’s health. The surgery department has two units and carries out all types of operations. The hospital has many modern pieces of equipment. The laboratory and diagnostic center uses a robotic analyzer for tests in order to minimize errors. The analyzer conducts more than 25.000 tests per month. EMC also has an emergency department with a round the clock laboratory, an ICU equipped and emergency medical personnel. Luxurious accommodation in single or double rooms is also provided by the hospital. Telephone: +7 (495) 933 6655

    American Medical Center is located at 26, build. 6, Prospekt Mira 129090 in Moscow. It is one of the leading hospitals in Moscow with completely modern facilities. The AMC clinic is one of 30 clinics operated by the well respected MEDSI Group of Companies. AMC was established in 1996 is recognized as a medical care provider of Allianz Worldwide Care. The center offers excellent diagnostic and clinical service in all branches of medicine including some rare branches. It operates a full fledged modern dental clinic as well. AMC staffs eminent doctors with scientific and research degrees. The center has two surgery rooms and all the facilities for gynecological, urological, proctologic, ENT and cavernous operations. The Intensive Care Unit has comfortable rooms, special anti-decubital beds and modern devices for blood pressure monitoring. AMC also has round the clock emergency services and an onsite pharmacy. The laboratory has modern equipment to conduct electrolytic profiling, blood microscopy, gematology, coagulogramme, hepatitis, hormone and immunochemical investigations. The center offers various assistances for out of country patients and organizes treatment abroad as well. Phone: (495) 933-77-00

    15 Municipal City Clinical Hospital is found at Ul. Veshnyakovskaya, 23 (near metro station Vykhino) in Moscow. This is another popular hospital in the city and is both well equipped and modern. Two medical schools and four medical research institutes work in association with this hospital. The hospital has departments in all major medical specialties such as cardiology, trauma and neurology. The surgery department has sections for various types of surgeries and an outpatient surgery wing. The hospital also has departments of ultrasound functional diagnostics, radiation diagnosis and endoscopy. Round the clock emergency departments is also housed in CCH-15. Phone: (495) 375-71-01

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